Government-media relations discussed -Pakistan Press Foundation (PPF)
Media in Pakistan provides information on television, radio, cinema, newspapers, and One tool widely used by the government is to cut off 'unfriendly' media from . to promulgate the idea of Pakistan, which was seen as the best national option understanding of the two countries and their important relationship, one that. Media professionals have urged the government to empower Pakistan Electronic Hamid Mir said that “good journalism” and development are. Besides a select few major groups, Pakistani media organizations face chronic financial The government has considerable leverage over the press through its . defense of Pakistan or any part thereof, friendly relations with foreign states, public .. The greatest impact on broadcasting so far has been the introduction and.
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Media of Pakistan
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Succeed in newsletter designing projects thanks to PR agencies. A mountain of different solutions are put forward by companies competent in public relations. Censorship during the Zia years was direct, concrete and dictatorial. Newspapers were scrutinised; critical or undesired sections of an article censored. In the wake of Zia-ul-Haq's sudden death and the return of democracy, the way was paved to abate the draconian media laws through a revision of media legislation called the Revised PPO RPPO.
Fromunder General Pervez Musharrafthe Pakistani media faced a decisive development that would lead to a boom in Pakistani electronic media and paved the way to it gaining political clout.
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New liberal media laws broke the state's monopoly on the electronic media. TV broadcasting and FM radio licenses were issued to private media outlets.
The military's motivation for liberalising media licensing was based on an assumption that the Pakistani media could be used to strengthen national security and counter any perceived threats from India.
What prompted this shift was the military's experience during the two past confrontations with India. One was the Kargil War and the other was the hijacking of the India Airliner by militants.
In both these instances, the Pakistani military was left with no options to reciprocate because its electronic media were inferior to that of the Indian media. Better electronic media capacity was needed in the future and thus the market for electronic media was liberalised. The justification was just as much a desire to counter the Indian media poweras it was a wish to set the media "free" with the rights that electronic media had in liberal, open societies.
The military thought it could still control the media and harness it if it strayed from what the regime believed was in the national interest - and in accordance with its own political agenda. This assessment however proved to be wrong as the media and in particular the new many new TV channels became a powerful force in civil society.
The media became an important actor in the process that led to fall of Musharraf and his regime. By providing extensive coverage of the Lawyer's Movement's struggle to get the chief justice reinstated, the media played a significant role in mobilising civil society.
This protest movement, with millions of Pakistanis taking to the streets in the name of having an independent judiciary and democratic rule, left Musharraf with little backing from civil society and the army. Ultimately, he had to call for elections.
Recently, due to a renewed interplay between civil society organisations, the Lawyers' Movement and the electronic media, Pakistan's new President, Asif Ali Zardari had to give in to public and political pressure and reinstate the chief justice.
The emergence of powerful civil society actors was unprecedented in Pakistani history. These could not have gained in strength without the media, which will need to continue and play a pivotal role if Pakistan has to develop a stronger democracy, greater stability and take on socio-political reforms. Whether Pakistan's media, with its powerful TV channels, is able to take on such a huge responsibility and make changes from within depends on improving general working conditions; on the military and the state bureaucracy; the security situation of journalists; media laws revision; better journalism training; and lastly on the will of the media and the media owners themselves.
The country was subjected to alternating military and democratic rule - but has managed to thrive on basic democratic norms. Though the Pakistani media had to work under military dictatorships and repressive regimes, which instituted many restrictive laws and regulations for media in order to 'control' it, the media was not largely affected.
The laws are, however, detrimental to democracy reform, and represent a potential threat to the future of Pakistan and democracy. The Pakistani Constitution guarantees freedom of expression and the basic premise for media freedom.
While emphasizing the state's allegiance to Islamthe constitution underlines the key civil rights inherent in a democracy and states that citizens: Shall be guaranteed fundamental rights, including equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality. Media laws[ edit ] There are a number of legislative and regulatory mechanisms that directly and indirectly affect the media.DNA: Analysis of Pakistan army's control over the government
Also there were attempts in for further legislation ostensibly "to streamline registration of newspapers, periodicals, news and advertising agencies and authentication of circulation figures of newspapers and periodicals PAPRA. The opening of the media market led to the mushrooming of satellite channels in Pakistan. The government felt that it was losing millions of rupees by not 'regulating' the mushrooming cable TV business.
Another consequence of the regulations was that most of these were hurriedly enacted by President Musharraf before the new government took office.
- Government-media relations discussed
Most of the new laws that were anti-democratic and were not intended to promote public activism but to increase his control of the public. Many media activists felt that the new regulations were opaque and had been subject to interpretation by the courts which would have provided media practitioners with clearer guidelines. PEMRA is also involved in media censorship and occasionally halts broadcasts and closes media outlets.