Take - Definition for English-Language Learners from Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary
Eleventh Edition Merriam-Webster Inc. Frederick C. Mish building esp. in France who serves as doorkeeper, landlord's representative, and janitor 2 pi - ties [L concinnitas, fr. concinnus skillfully put together] (): harmony or elegance of. Entries include definitions pronunciations, and frequent supplementary notes. articles of association; articles of incorporation; Article III court; ar*tic*u*la*ble bench trial; bench warrant; ben*e*fi*cial; beneficial interest; beneficial owner. The degree or standard of care owed varies depending on the circumstances. For example, a landlord has to exercise greater care in relation to a tenant than to .
The profit margins can be quite rewarding. Profit margins are not small. The system allows people to pull a lot of money from these folks. These incomes are made possible by the extreme poverty of the tenants.
American Landmark Companies, Inc.
Unlike Wall Street bankers or corporate lawyers, the relationship between landlords and the poor is more personal. Landlords come to expect that they will collect back rent when their tenants get tax refund checks in February. One of the background assumptions of law and economics is that individuals enter markets as equal participants.
Throughout Evicted we see how tenants, rather than being equal participants, have their lives shaped by the traits, whims, and even mood changes of their landlords. It comes down to the system that provides landlords with a lot of power over low-income tenants.
Women, who tend to avoid their landlords when behind in rent, are more likely to be evicted than men, who tend to negotiate and engage with their landlords. Tenant screening practices ensure that better neighborhoods are shielded from both poverty and criminality while the opposite is true of bad neighborhoods. There was a business model at the bottom of every market.
Payday lenders, subprime lenders, and rent-to-own operators all receive a fair amount of criticism and are occasionally targets of government regulation. The challenge when it comes to structural exploitation is that, as the focus shifts from individual participants to the market, it becomes harder to identify causation.
For example, once particular landlords are thought of as largely beyond the scope of moral judgment except in the most general sense that they participated in an exploitative market, it is nearly impossible to assign fault.
We run once again into the perpetual problem: The most we can say is that the low end of the housing market is exploitative, with blame diffusing to all of society.
With many victims but without a bad actor to vilify, claiming exploitation, although provocative, arguably does little to solve the housing problems of the vulnerable poor.A Merriam-Webster editor reveals how words are added to the dictionary
While it is hard to assert that landlords—even if they at times act somewhat heartlessly—bear individual responsibility for exploiting the poor, it is possible to make a relatively robust argument in support of the market-based version of the exploitation claim. The market, combined with a legal structure that largely supports the interests of landlords in collecting rent over the interests of tenants in adequate conditions, exploits the inability of the poor to make meaningful demands on landlords.
This belief can be attributable in part to an intuitive appreciation for private property This is myyy property! By looking at the eviction phenomenon from the perspective of both tenants and landlords, Evicted allows readers to question the supposed neutrality of market interactions.
The stories of tenants Arleen, Scott, Doreen, and Lamar provide a rare window into the struggles of poor families grappling with housing insecurity. It is customary in the wake of an emergency to call on businesses to refrain from exploiting the emergency through price gouging. The same notion does not seem to apply when it comes to poverty; we fail to recognize that housing emergencies do not cease being emergencies simply because they are of a continuing nature.
Comfortable in our own historical moment, we look back with self-satisfaction at big and little changes: Yet faith in markets makes recognition of wrongs to the poor, including poor children, difficult in the current moment.
Evicted makes two major contributions. First, it helps readers understand the lives and choices of poor tenants and their landlords. As inequality has risen, the middle class and the rich are increasingly separated from the poor, both in terms of their life experiences and the spaces they occupy in cities.
Power harassment Power harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a political nature, often occurring in the environment of a workplace including hospitals, schools and universities. It includes a range of behavior from mild irritation and annoyances to serious abuses which can even involve forced activity beyond the boundaries of the job description.
Power harassment is considered a form of illegal discrimination and is a form of political and psychological abuseand bullying.
Psychological[ edit ] This is humiliating, intimidating or abusive behavior which is often difficult to detect, leaving no evidence other than victim reports or complaints. Falling into this category is workplace harassment by individuals or groups mobbing.
Community-based psychological harassment, meanwhile, is stalking by a group  against an individual using repeated distractions that the individual is sensitized to. Media reports of large numbers of coordinated groups stalking individual stalking victims, including a press interview given by an active duty police lieutenant, have described this community-based harassment as gang stalking.
Racial harassment The targeting of an individual because of their race or ethnicity. This ambiguity could result in future regulatory and licensing issues for Airbnb hosts. Developers have treated Airbnbs like they are leases that establish landlord-tenant relationships. The principal concern over the use of condos as Airbnbs or other short-term rentals is that a landlord-tenant relationship forms.
Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law - Merriam-Webster - Literati by Credo
Formation of a landlord-tenant relationship creates issues in obtaining financing from lenders and allows for potentially abusive leases. Second, condominium ownership documents typically contain provisions that prohibit leasing units for terms of less than six months in order to prevent predatory, month-to-month leases. If Airbnbs create a landlord-tenant relationship, in order to allow units to be rented as Airbnbs, these provisions must be eliminated. Moreover, as has been the case in California, hosts must go through formal, lengthy eviction procedures to remove Airbnb guests that refuse to leave at the conclusion of their scheduled stay.
As a result, developers and condominium associations have sought to eliminate use of units as Airbnbs and other short-term rentals. Airbnbs do not establish a landlord-tenant relationship in Ohio. Airbnbs can be classified as either tourist homes or as a facility where circumstances indicate transient occupancy. This clearly applies to short-term Airbnb rentals, both those of a single room or an entire unit, meaning that even full unit Airbnbs do not, for the purposes of the Ohio statutory law, establish a landlord-tenant relationship.