The Extended Punjabi Family - KASA Indian Eatery
All this can make for a challenging genealogy research proposition. Sorting out an Indian family can be tricky: The use of kinship terms (sister, uncle, father). In India the population is accounted as one and a quarter billion, that is To know our family members and their relationship, a family tree will. Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example, your father's brother and your mother's brother are not both just "uncle"; you would.
Graph theory[ edit ] While family trees are depicted as trees, family relations do not in general form a tree in the sense of graph theorysince distant relatives can mate, so a person can have a common ancestor on their mother's and father's side. However, because a parent must be born before their child is born, a person cannot be their own ancestor, and thus there are no loops, so ancestry forms a directed acyclic graph.
The graphs of matrilineal descent "mother" relationships between women and patrilineal descent "father" relationships between men are trees however. Assuming no common ancestor, an ancestry chart is a perfect binary treeas each person has exactly one mother and one father, for two parents; these thus have a regular structure.
A descendancy chart, on the other hand, does not in general have a regular structure, as a person can have any number of children, or none at all. Notable examples[ edit ] The longest family tree in the world is that of the Chinese philosopher and educator Confucius — BCand he is the descendant of King Tang — BC.
The tree spans more than 80 generations from him, and includes more than 2 million members. An international effort involving more than branches around the world was started in to retrace and revise this family tree. A new edition of the Confucius genealogy was printed in September by the Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committeeto coincide with the th anniversary of the birth of the Chinese thinker. This latest edition is expected to include some 1. In Japan, the ancestry of the Imperial Family is traced back to the mythological origins of Japan.
The connection to persons from the established historical record begins in the mid-first millennium AD. Another very old and extensive tree is that of the Lurie lineage—which includes Sigmund Freud and Martin Buber —and traces back to Jehiel Lurie, a 13th-century rabbi in Brest-Litovsk, and from there to Rashi and purportedly back to the legendary King Davidas documented by Neil Rosenstein in his book The Lurie Legacy.
In the Torah and Old Testament, genealogies are provided for many biblical persons, including a record of the descendants of Adam. According to the Torah, the Kohanim are decended from Aaron. Genetic testing performed at the Technion has shown that modern Kohanim share common Y-chromosome origins, although there is no complete family tree of the Kohanim. In the Islamic world, claimed descent from the prophet Mohammed greatly enhanced the status of political and religious leaders.
New dynasties often used claims of such descent to help establish their legitimacy. Many noble and aristocratic families of European and West-Asian origin can reliably trace their ancestry back as far as the mid to late first millennium AD; some claiming undocumented descent from Classical Antiquity or mythological ancestors. Before the Dark Agesin the Greco-Roman world, some reliable pedigrees dated back perhaps at least as far as the first half of the first millennium BC; with claimed or mythological origins reaching back further.
I found this one in a book, but there are lots of other versions.
Learn the Names of Relatives in the Hindi Language
When Buddhism was new and growing, some Hindu sects started claiming that Buddha was just an avatar of Vishnu, but that his role was to trick good Hindu folks into believing in illusions. So, to defeat him, the gods incarnate themselves as mortals: Vishnu as four princes, Lakshmi as a princess, and most of the rest of the gods as magical monkeys. For thirteen years, they live as hermits. One day, a demon-lady shows up and tries to sleep with Rama, and when he says no, she attacks, and when Rama and Lakshmana defeat her, she gets her big brother to attack with a demon army, and when Rama and Lakshmana defeat THEM, she gets her even bigger brother, Ravana, to kidnap Sita.
Rama and Lakshmana set out to rescue Sita, having adventures, fighting demons, and befriending thousands of super-powered monkeys. Kurma When they went to churn the Ocean of Milk see Lakshmi abovethe gods needed somewhere to stand. So Vishnu turned into his second avatar, a huge turtle, and the rest of the gods stood on a mountain on his back. So Vishnu chose as his fourth avatar a half-man-half-lion neither human nor animaland killed him at dusk neither night nor day in a doorway neither inside nor outside.
Then Vamana grew huge enough that three steps took him clear across the earth and the heavens, which he returned to the gods. Thanks to Sanjay for the following correction! Mahabali was essentially such a great ruler that his power rivaled the Gods and so they got Vishnu to take care of it as you outlined.
A neat quirk is that Mahabali was traditionally supposed to be the King of the South Indian region of Kerala, and an added tweak to the myth there states that after having all his realms taken away he asked Vamana for one favour- to visit his home kingdom once a year. The festival commemorating that, Onam, is still the most important festival in Kerala.
Shiva is a big, important, powerful god, the highest god of the largest branches of Hinduism, Shaivism. Shiva has a third eye, from which he can produce a laser beam made of pure fiery enlightenment.
Wiktionary:Requested entries (Hindi)/Multilingual list of Indian family relation names
While all goddesses are sometimes considered aspects of the Devi, from what I can tell, Parvati is often considered one and the same. But take note, ladies: It took Parvati years of religiously motivated suffering and deprivation, and unwavering loyalty.
After one insult too many, Sati threw herself into a sacrificial fire and died. Kali Once, Durga fought a demon who could create new demons whenever his blood touched the ground. The more she fought, the more demons were born, and the more demons were born, the angrier Durga got. Eventually Durga, a goddess who was literally created from anger, got so angry that her anger turned into yet another goddess: No goddess has ever been so bloodthirsty — literally, she drank all the blood, killed all the demons, and saved the gods.
But then she kept going and going, killing and eating everything in her path in an unstoppable torrent of destruction.
Shiva finally managed to stop her, by lying down in her path. As soon as they started, Kartikeya sped off over the horizon. Ganesha, meanwhile, walked in a circle around his parents, on the grounds that Shiva and Parvati together are, more or less, the world.
Ganesha was declared the winner. Ganesha Ganesha might be the most well-known Hindu god.Kids Vocabulary - Family Members Tree - Learn Members of the Family for Kids
He has a bunch of birth stories, but my favorite says he was sculpted by a Parvati. While Shiva was out one day, Parvati took a bath, and decided to create someone to keep her company. She collected some of the dirt and molded it into a boy, and then brought the boy to life and had him guard the house.
- Relationship calculator: How am I related to...?
- Family tree
- How to design a family tree in a chart
So, he cut off his head. Riddhi and Siddhi Some myths give Ganesha two or three wives, named Riddhi prosperitySiddhi spiritual powerand sometimes Buddhi wisdom. But thousands of years ago, it was the other way around — Shiva was a name for Rudra, a ferocious god of storms. Vayu Vayu is an ancient god of wind, sometimes associated with the breath of the fire god, Agni, I guess because hot air rises? Mitra Mitra is a relatively minor god in Hinduism, but I find him totally fascinating.
The Indian and Persian Mitra is the oldest version of him we have record of, as a god of light, order, and agreements, especially those between humans.
Learn the Names of Relatives in the Hindi Language
His worship died out when the Roman Empire converted to Christianity. Varuna Varuna is another ancient god, by some accounts the twin brother of Mitra, and with similar roles and powers. Aryaman is a sun god. Bhaga Yet another sun god, associated especially with wealth.