Sacagawea's importance to the expedition - Idaho Public Television
Sacagawea, the only woman to travel with the Corps of Discovery, did this and Information about Sacagawea dollar coin and biography of. Sacagawea became a member of the "Corps of Discovery" when Lewis learned at She was part of the reason they had good relations with other native tribes. Sacagawea was the only female among 32 male members of the Lewis and and, as controversial as it may be, a building bridge in the success in Indian relations. Her contribution to the Corps of Discovery is based on identifying landmarks . Lewis and Clark expedition · Later years and death · Sacagawea Dollar Coin.
They interviewed several trappers who might be able to interpret or guide the expedition up the Missouri River in the springtime. They agreed to hire Charbonneau as an interpreter because they discovered his wife spoke Shoshoneand they knew they would need the help of Shoshone tribes at the headwaters of the Missouri.
Clark recorded in his journal [a] on November 4, Clark nicknamed her "Janey. They had to be poled against the current and sometimes pulled from the riverbanks.
Lewis and Clark . Inside the Corps . The Corps . Sacagawea | PBS
On May 14,Sacagawea rescued items that had jumped out of a capsized boat, including the journals and records of Lewis and Clark. The corps commanders, who praised her quick action, named the Sacagawea River in her honor on May 20, By Augustthe corps had located a Shoshone tribe and was attempting to trade for horses to cross the Rocky Mountains.
They used Sacagawea to interpret and discovered that the tribe's chief, Cameahwaitwas her brother. Lewis recorded their reunion in his journal: Clark arrived with the Interpreter Charbono, and the Indian woman, who proved to be a sister of the Chief Cameahwait.
The meeting of those people was really affecting, particularly between Sah cah-gar-we-ah and an Indian woman, who had been taken prisoner at the same time with her, and who had afterwards escaped from the Minnetares and rejoined her nation. The trip was so hard that they were reduced to eating tallow candles to survive.
Sacagawea - HISTORY
When they descended into the more temperate regions on the other side, Sacagawea helped to find and cook camas roots to help them regain their strength. As the expedition approached the mouth of the Columbia River on the Pacific CoastSacagawea gave up her beaded belt to enable the captains to trade for a fur robe they wished to give to President Thomas Jefferson.
Clark's journal entry for November 20,reads: In January, when a whale 's carcass washed up onto the beach south of Fort ClatsopSacagawea insisted on her right to go see this "monstrous fish. On July 6, Clark recorded "The Indian woman informed me that she had been in this plain frequently and knew it well She said we would discover a gap in the mountains in our direction Later, this was chosen as the optimal route for the Northern Pacific Railway to cross the continental divide.
While Sacagawea has been depicted as a guide for the expedition,  she is recorded as providing direction in only a few instances. Her work as an interpreter certainly helped the party to negotiate with the Shoshone; however, her greatest value to the mission may have been simply her presence during the arduous journey, which demonstrated the peaceful intent of the expedition.
While traveling through what is now Franklin CountyWashingtonClark noted, "The Indian woman confirmed those people of our friendly intentions, as no woman ever accompanies a war party of Indians in this quarter," and, "the wife of Shabono our interpeter we find reconsiles all the Indians, as to our friendly intentions a woman with a party of men is a token of peace. You have been a long time with me and conducted your Self in Such a manner as to gain my friendship, your woman who accompanied you that long dangerous and fatigueing rout to the Pacific Ocian and back diserved a greater reward for her attention and services on that rout than we had in our power to give her at the Mandans.
As to your little Son my boy Pomp you well know my fondness of him and my anxiety to take him and raise him as my own child If you are desposed to accept either of my offers to you and will bring down you Son your famn [femme, woman] Janey had best come along with you to take care of the boy untill I get him Louis, Missouriin They entrusted Jean-Baptiste's education to Clark, who enrolled the young man in the Saint Louis Academy boarding school.
Sacagawea gave birth to a daughter, Lizettesometime after According to Bonnie "Spirit Wind-Walker" Butterfield, historical documents suggest Sacagawea died in of an unknown sickness: Sakakawea obelisk at the believed site of her death, Mobridge, South DakotaAn journal entry made by Henry Brackenridgea fur dealer at Fort Manuel Lisa Trading Post on the Missouri River, stated that, both, Sacagawea and Charbonneau were living at the fort.
He recorded that Sacagawea " She left a fine infant girl".
Toussaint Charbonneau was mistakenly thought to have been killed at this time, but he apparently lived to at least age He had signed over formal custody of his son to William Clark in An adoption document made in the Orphans Court Records in St.
Louis, Missouri, states, 'On August 11,William Clark became the guardian of 'Tousant Charbonneau, a boy about ten years, and Lizette Charbonneau, a girl about one year old. The last recorded document citing Sacagawea's existence appears in William Clark's original notes written between and He lists the names of each of the expedition members and their last known whereabouts.
For Sacagawea he writes: Interest in Sacajawea peaked and controversy intensified when Dr. Grace Raymond Hebardprofessor of political economy at the University of Wyoming in Laramie and an active supporter of the Nineteenth Amendment, campaigned for federal legislation to erect an edifice honoring Sacajawea's death in Eastman visited many different Native American tribes, to interview elderly individuals who might have known or heard of Sacagawea, and learned of a Shoshone woman at the Wind River Reservation with the Comanche name Porivo chief woman.
On May 14, Charbonneau nearly capsized the white pirogue boat in which Sacagawea was riding. Remaining calm, she retrieved important papers, instruments, books, medicine, and other indispensable valuables that otherwise would have been lost.
She proved to be a significant asset in numerous ways: Upon arriving at the Pacific coast, she was able to voice her opinion about where the expedition should spend the winter and was granted her request to visit the ocean to see a beached whale. She and Clark were fond of each other and performed numerous acts of kindness for one another, but romance between them occurred only in latter-day fiction. Sacagawea was not the guide for the expedition, as some have erroneously portrayed her; nonetheless, she recognized landmarks in southwestern Montana and informed Clark that Bozeman Pass was the best route between the Missouri and Yellowstone rivers on their return journey.
Pompey's Pillar, near Billings, Mont. Clark wanted to do more for their family, so he offered to assist them and eventually secured Charbonneau a position as an interpreter. The family traveled to St. Louis in to baptize their son and left him in the care of Clark, who had earlier offered to provide him with an education.
Clark became the legal guardian of Lisette and Jean Baptiste and listed Sacagawea as deceased in a list he compiled in the s. These accounts can likely be attributed to other Shoshone women who shared similar experiences as Sacagawea.
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