Indo-Pak visa regime - Newspaper - assistancedogseurope.info
The much-awaited foreign level talks between Pakistan and India the last one- and-half-year progress on bilateral relations on all disputed IPSS director says a relaxed visa policy is the right of both countries' . Its shows magnanimity and confidence of India to go ahead and get the liberal visa process. But even this guarded optimism assumes that the Pakistan Army approves ofsuch Affairs, currently sets the limits of what is possible in Pakistan's relations with India. to enact a landmark visa regime, a scuffle took place on the Line ofControl. India predictably “decided to 'pause' the implementation of the liberal visa. After the separation of India and Pakistan trade relations are dry and wet. such as Kashmir issue, bus services, open border gates for officially trade, flexible visa policy, Liberal's perspective that trade brings peace between the nations.
A subordinate part of the office—the Research and Analysis Wing RAW —functioned in ways that significantly expanded the information available to the prime minister and his advisers. The RAW gathered intelligence, provided intelligence analysis to the Office of the Prime Minister, and conducted covert operations abroad. The prime minister's control and reliance on personal advisers in the Office of the Prime Minister was particularly strong under the tenures of Indira Gandhi —77 and —84 and her son, Rajiv —89who succeeded her, and weaker during the periods of coalition governments.
Observers find it difficult to determine whether the locus of decision-making authority on any particular issue lies with the Ministry of External Affairs, the Council of Ministers, the Office of the Prime Minister, or the prime minister himself. Subrahmanyam in to head a special government task force to study 'Global Strategic Developments' over the next decade. Ministry of External Affairs[ edit ] The Ministry of External Affairs is the Indian government's agency responsible for the foreign relations of India.
Sushma Swaraj is current Minister of External Affairs. Look East Policy[ edit ] Main article: During the cold war, India's relations with its South East Asian neighbours was not very strong. After the end of the cold war, the government of India particularly realised the importance of redressing this imbalance in India's foreign policy. Consequently, the Narsimha Rao government in the early nineties of the last century unveiled the look east policy.
Initially it focused on renewing political and economic contacts with the countries of East and South-East Asia. After the start of liberalisation, it was a very strategic policy decision taken by the government in the foreign policy. To quote Prime Minister Manmohan Singh "it was also a strategic shift in India's vision of the world and India's place in the evolving global economy". When India gained independence infew Indians had experience in making or conducting foreign policy.
However, the country's oldest political party, the Indian National Congresshad established a small foreign department in to make overseas contacts and to publicise its independence struggle. From the late s on, Jawaharlal Nehruwho had a long-standing interest in world affairs among independence leaders, formulated the Congress stance on international issues.
As a member of the interim government inNehru articulated India's approach to the world. India's international influence varied over the years after independence. Indian prestige and moral authority were high in the s and facilitated the acquisition of developmental assistance from both East and West.
Although the prestige stemmed from India's nonaligned stance, the nation was unable to prevent Cold War politics from becoming intertwined with interstate relations in South Asia. In the s and s India's international position among developed and developing countries faded in the course of wars with China and Pakistan, disputes with other countries in South Asia, and India's attempt to balance Pakistan's support from the United States and China by signing the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation in August Although India obtained substantial Soviet military and economic aid, which helped to strengthen the nation, India's influence was undercut regionally and internationally by the perception that its friendship with the Soviet Union prevented a more forthright condemnation of the Soviet presence in Afghanistan.
Visa policy of Pakistan - Wikipedia
In the late s, India improved relations with the United States, other developed countries, and China while continuing close ties with the Soviet Union. In the s, India's economic problems and the demise of the bipolar world political system forced India to reassess its foreign policy and adjust its foreign relations.
Previous policies proved inadequate to cope with the serious domestic and international problems facing India.
The end of the Cold War gutted the core meaning of nonalignment and left Indian foreign policy without significant direction. The hard, pragmatic considerations of the early s were still viewed within the nonaligned framework of the past, but the disintegration of the Soviet Union removed much of India's international leverage, for which relations with Russia and the other post-Soviet states could not compensate.
- Pakistan hails proposed liberal visa policy by India
- India, Pak for liberal visa regime
- Foreign relations of India
In this context, it was felt that the visit of the Prime Minister of India to Pakistan could afford an opportunity to achieve this change. TERRORISM AND EXTREMISM They recognized that terrorism is a common threat to peace and security in the region for both India and Pakistan and that the issue needs to be addressed immediately; They felt that the transnational nature of terrorism demands that India and Pakistan share resources and make a combined effort to combat this menace; They called upon both sides to exchange intelligence and related information on all groups known to use terror as an instrument against states; They observed that the routine response to terrorism by both countries has been episodic and that India and Pakistan need to formulate comprehensive counter-terrorism policies.
Knowledge, information and lessons learned by each should be shared with the other; They recommended that an agreement such as a Joint Anti-terror Mechanism needs to be resurrected, refined and implemented as an avenue to formalize a cooperative relationship; They recommended that engagement between parliamentary committees on security should be instituted.
Furthermore, both countries need to work towards facilitating regional and intercontinental trade routes on the lines of the Southern Silk Route; They recommended that in order to facilitate trade and commerce, financial institutions in both countries should be allowed to provide banking facilities and related services in the other country. Similarly, telecom accessibility and cooperation need to be explored further. Both these sectors have great potential for mutual benefit; They recognized the strong complementarity in the IT sector which should jointly be explored and its potential fully realized.
Likewise, there is great potential for cooperation and outsourcing in the automobile industry which needs to be harnessed; They felt the need for closer coordination and cooperation for South Asian energy requirements.
In this regard, they recommended that both countries need to work together on climate change and explore alternatives in renewable, clean and green energy sources, including solar and wind power; They strongly felt that both countries should work towards food and water security and recommended that cooperation in agricultural research and development should be explored to improve yields and for intensive cultivation.
South Asia has been impacted by terrorism in the past two decades in ways no other region has been affected. This necessitates that states develop joint responses and strategies to fight it; The two sides should expedite the process of normalisation to reduce incentives for policies that have created non-state groups that now threaten peace; Parliamentary committees dealing with national security should meet bilaterally for exchange of information and views; Both sides should bring their legislation in conformity with the SAARC Additional Protocol on Terrorism.
This would assist in creating a legitimate framework for mutual legal assistance; They should strengthen and institutionalize current military and non-military CBMs and related hotlines for defusing tensions.
Visa policy of Pakistan
They should also increase the frequency of direct flights between their key cities. Indian carriers are encouraged to complement the fight services currently being offered only by PIA; Efforts should be made to sign mutually recognized agreements MRAs for the harmonization of standards in chemical, pharmaceutical, horticulture, textile, cement, food products etc. Normal foreign investment laws should be applied on a non-discriminatory basis.
Editor, Express Tribune Arif Nizami: Head of leading financial daily Business Recorder Mohammad Malick: