Its botanical name was in recent years changed to Carissa congesta Wight (syn. C. carandas Auct., formerly widely shown as C. carandas L.). It is called kerenda . Carissa carandas L. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs karanda. General Information. Symbol: CACA Group: Dicot. Family: Apocynaceae. Duration. Synonym. Carissa salicina Lam. Synonym. Echites spinosus Burm.f. Synonym. Jasminonerium carandas (L.) Kuntze. Synonym. Jasminonerium salicinum (Lam.) .

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Activity of ethanol and water extract of C.

Now containing plants. Therefore, alternative treatments with safer compounds are needed. They exhibit several unwanted side effects to humans. Bacilus subtilis and A.

Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI if available will often redirect to the new link page. Wood used to make combs and spoons, thorny branches used as fencing material. The extracts obtained from solvent extraction with petroleum ether and methanol were then subjected to various qualitative preliminary tests for the identification of secondary metabolites.

It is also reported to have gut- stimulatory effect and thus is useful in the treatment of constipation and diarrhoea. Leaves are inches long, very dark green, shiny and opposite and they have large spines. Ripe fruits are taken raw or dried. Many drugs are available in the market for inflammatory diseases.

It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others.

Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India Desc: The supposed varieties congesta and paucinervia actually refer to the related conkerberry C. Isolation of many terpenoids has been reported. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e. Carissa carandas is a species of flowering shrub in the dogbane family Apocynaceae.


Study evaluated crude extracts from different parts roots, stems, leaves of C. Seeds are dispersed by birds.

Branches are numerous, rigid and spreading, with 2 straight, simple or forked thorns, up to 5 centimeters in length on the axils and nodes.

Paste of pounded roots used as insect repellent. Technology Biodiversity in India. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Plants Profile for Carissa carandas (karanda)

Mostly planted, sometime found as escape in the forest. It produces berry -sized fruits that are commonly used as a condiment in Indian pickles and spices. Flowers scented, in corymbose cyme. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cqrandas. Its fruit is used in the ancient Indian herbal system of medicine, Ayurvedicto treat acidity, indigestion, fresh and infected wounds, skin carandae, urinary disorders and diabetic ulcer, [8] as well as biliousness, stomach pain, constipation, anemia, skin conditions, anorexia and insanity.

The systematic survey of the foliicolous fungi of Kodagu was initiated by one of the authors VBH It also possesses analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.

However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed.

India Biodiversity Portal

Distribution – Recently introduced into the Philippines – In limited cultivation. Study evaluated various extracts of roots in various models of gastric ulcer, viz, acetic acid induced chronic gastric ulcer, pylorus ligation and ethanol induced acute gastric ulcer, in albino rats.

Kuntze Jasminonerium salicinum Lam. Here, the methanol extracts of dried fruits of C. If you would like to support this site, cwrandas consider Donating. Here, the methanol extract of Carissa carandas dried fruits was evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity and its various phytochemical compounds were analyzed by GC-MS. The methanolic extracts showed best result with inhibition greater than antibiotic tetracycline Also discusses timing, though morphology of each form would be better placed in the field for Morphology.


Phytochemical constituents, traditional use and pharmacological properties ; 3: Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. It was use in the Great Hedge of India CE because it is easy to grow, draught resistant and sturdy shrub that grows in a varity of soil, is also ideal for hedgesas it growing rapidly, densely and needs little attention.

Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Angiosperm diversity of Sonbhadra District, Uttar Pradesh: The fruit size is variable, but most fruits are about 3. One of the authors, Miss. The mature fruits are harvested for pickles. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation.

Leaves oblong, distinctly nerved.

Carissa carandas – Wikipedia

Eight fractions from methanolic and chloroform extracts all showed very strong antioxidant activity. It also grows in the Sri Lanka lowland rain forests. An ethanol extract czrandas potent acute hypotensive effect in carisea rats. The rats treated with oral administration of methanol extract of dried fruits of C. The experiment showed Table 3 that the extract exhibited statistically significant inhibition of paw volume in a dose-dependent manner.

Abstract Inflammation plays an important role in various diseases with high prevalence within populations such as rheumatoid arthritis, ulcer, atherosclerosis, and asthma.