Referenzpreissystem (RPS); Österreich hat aber bislang kein derartiges. System eingeführt. .. B. der Apothekenbetriebsordnung) notwen- dig, um eine. Apotheke in Wien Schwechat rkorn Flughafen Law: Apothekengesetz, Apothekenbetriebsordnung, Arzneimittelgesetz. You can review the various. Otto Pommer (Apotheker, Ausbildung in Österreich absolviert) Apothekengesetz, Apothekenbetriebsordnung, Arzneimittelgesetz, sowie die Berufssitte des.
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When producing pharmaceutical preparations appropriate measures have to be taken in order to ensure their microbiological quality. Microbial contaminated products can perish and harm the user when applied. A recommendation for the microbial purity of pharmaceutical products is given in the European Pharmocopoeia in chapter 5.
Additional documents are the guidelines for the “Good Manufacturing Practice” of pharmaceutical products in the PIC-GMP-manual 17 and supplementing guidelines 18 for liquids, creams, ointments and other drug preparations as well as the guidelines for the Good Pharmacy Practice in Europe Drug acts, pharmacy operating decrees and comparable legal norms of central European countries 4, 10, 16, 25, 26 demand a hygienically faultless condition of the preparation premises and controlled preparation processes.
All apothekenbetriebsorvnung only emphasize priorities. Model instructions always have orientating character; they have to be adapted and completed according to operational specifications.
The application of the stipulations has to be effected directly at the place of work by the working person striving for optimal effectiveness. For that purpose practical experience as to working sequence, knowledge in microbiology and hygiene and a high degree of personal motivation is necessary.
Apotheeknbetriebsordnung objective of each employee should be to continuously improve safety and effectiveness of the working process. The guidelines serve for the purpose of information and as a recommendation for the preparation within the areas of prescription and Defektur in pharmacies. For the preparation of sterile drugs and cytostatic agents additional measures are necessary. Likewise the treatment of tea-drugs is to be regulated operationally in a different manner.
GD – Online | GD Hygoene Guideline | Print Version
The pharmacy head is responsible for instruction and control in the field of hygiene. All employees are obliged to adhere to the hygiene concept and to contribute to the improvement of the hygiene status.
The preparation area is to be kept in a clean and orderly state any time. It has to be in a condition as to space that the risk of microbial contamination is kept as low as possible, preparation premises sterrrich to be given preference. Walls, ceilings, floors and working spaces in the manufacturing area have to be provided with even surfaces and must be easily cleanable.
The manufacturing area is to be cleaned in accordance with cleaning and disinfection plans. Only persons should stay in preparation rooms and areas who apothekenbetdiebsordnung corresponding activities. No tea-drugs are processed or manufactured, packaged or stored. In preparation areas only those devices and materials are to be kept which are necessary for manufacturing.
As a matter of principle devices are to be exclusively used for the purpose for which they have been designed within the preparation process. A minimal germ formation has to be ensured at parts which have immediate contact to the product by disinfection with alcohol-water mixtures at appropriate concentrations [e. A disinfection in advance e. Specific cleaning instructions have to be established for machines and devices in particular.
This equally applies for scales and water baths in view of their high microbic contamination potential. It has to be ensured that no persons work within the preparation area who suffer apothekenbetriebsotdnung infectuous diseases or have open skin injuries at uncovered parts of the body.
Hands have to be cleaned and disinfected immediately before starting the preparation work and after each work interruption. At the washbasins dispensers with skin protecting washing lotion and disinfectant solution as well as one-way towels have to be aothekenbetriebsordnung.
Hand disinfection is effected as so-called surgical disinfection before working at the open product. The disinfectant is applied after the washing of hands, the thorough rinsing of the washing lotion with warm water and the drying of hands. Hygiene clothing is to be worn for all preparation processes. It should only be worn in the preparation areas. In addition it is advisable apothekenbetriebsordnnug to enter preparation premises or areas with walking shoes.
Special measures of personnel and washing hygiene are to be layed down in working instructions. All preparation processes are to be carried out rapidly and if so possible without interruption in areas determined for this purpose. If interruptions cannot be avoided, open products have to be covered in an appropriate sterreicn watch glass, film.
If suitable closed systems for preparation are to be given preference as far as possible. The open product mustn’t be touched with bare hands. It is not allowed to sneeze, cough or talk close to the open product. Storing vessels should only remain open for the time necessary for the working process. It has to be prevented that receptacles returned by patients might get into the preparation area.
The necessary hygiene status is to be possibly ensured when purchasing primary materials; as required, measures regarding a germ count reduction have to be taken.
Attention is to be paid to the fact that primary materials are not deteriorated relating to their purity status when taking samples or partial quantities. Exceptional attention is to be focused on the microbial purity of water. A separate operating instruction is to be established for the preparation, safekeeping and storing of water as drug component.
This instruction is to take into consideration the demands of the pharmacopoeia and if necessary it justifies reasons for differing regulations. Exterior packagings secondary packing materials of drug and auxiliary substances are to be removed before bringing these substances into the preparation area.
In case this is not possible the packaging primary packing materials has to be cleaned and disinfected. Reusable storage vessels are to be cleaned and disinfected respectively sterilized before each refilling.
The primary packing material is an essential part of ready-to-use products and mustn’t influence the stability of products in an inadmissible way. The delivery receptacle should allow a hygienical product removal and easy application by apothekenbetriensordnung user. It has to be chosen in a way that the product quality is ensured also at application and during the application period. For the packaging of semi-solid preparations preferably aluminium tubes the interior of which is protected by a coating or dispenser cans with small openings are to be used.
Packing materials are to be purchased in complete sales units the quality of which has been verified by test certificates. Open packing material units have to apoghekenbetriebsordnung stored in a way that a subsequent contamination can be excluded. A reuse of delivery receptacles has to be excluded as a matter of principle. For a reuse by way of exception of for example glass bottles, detailed instructions as to cleaning and sterilisation respectively disinfection outside of the preparation area as well as regarding product storing have to established.
If necessary reusable storage vessels have to be transported outside of the preparation area for cleaning and sterilized or disinfected with alcohol of suited concentration.
Sterreicn alcohol has to be completely evaporated before filling of the product. Waste is to be collected in special suitable containers. The waste containers are to be emptied daily.
In case no waste bags are used, the waste containers are to be cleaned on a daily basis and disinfected at least once a week. The waste containers should not be touched during preparation.
An internal training in the field of industrial hygiene has to be organized in pharmacies at least once a year. The hygiene concept has to be explained to new apothekenbwtriebsordnung. Subject of the training should be: It may be useful to incorporate individual hygiene measures into preparation instructions and operation instructions for devices. The result of the hygiene measures should be proven by microbiological examination. Self-inspections regarding industrial hygiene are to take place at least once a year by means of a questionnaire.
Abschnitt 2 Richtlinien, 2. Annex Master check list for self-inspection and securing of the operational hygiene concept. Hygiene, Loseblattsammlung auf dem Stand der Amtliche deutsche Ausgabe, Text 5. Instruction in writing, describing the realization of certain recurrent activities.
Hygiene in pharmacy operations, especially characterized by the hygiene concept. Measure for the selective reduction of germ counts with the objective of preventing a transmittance of infectious germs pathogenic germs by their deadening this applies to a virus.
Hand disinfection for the reduction of bacteria flora foreign to skin and characteristical for skin. Disinfection measure for the deadening of germs after skin contact with infectious material before carrying out cleaning measures. Manufacturing is the producing, preparing, processing, refilling including filling, packaging and marking. Area in which at a determined point of time a certain preparation activity is exclusively executed, e.
The preparation area should be located in a less frequented zone or separated from the surroundings by protective walls reaching to the ceiling at least from three sides.
Hygiene clothing has to be designed in a way that it can ensure a product protection from contamination by human beings. Microbiological quality of pharmaceutical primary materials and preparations, packing materials, devices, personnel, clothing and premises. Pharmaceutical preparations of microbiological quality according to category 2 or 3. Each drug intended for the use by human beings or at animals or similar products which are subject to sanitary legislation control. The definition “pharmaceutical product” according to 17 is limited to the human field.
Quality and test characteristics of pharmaceutical primary materials and preparations. The microbial purity of different pharmaceutical preparations is defined by categories. Cleaning of hands 2. Spread hand disinfectant by rubbing according to instructions for use 3. Contact with the open product Interventions into the preparation sequence risk of microbial contamination.
Slip gloves over disinfected, dry hands Dispose gloves after work in waste bin, hand cleaning, if necessary hand disinfection.
Continuing activities at the open product preparation of Defekturen preparation of commercial quantities of a product – as contrast to individual preparation. Co-workers suffering from respiratory tract diseases who perform activities within the preparation area continuing activities at open product.
Is the preparation area closed at least from three sides to the height of the wall? Has been ensured that the preparation area is not used as opposed to the intended purpose?
Has been ensured that no tea-drugs are processed at the preparation area?