Opcode .. An original has does not correctly fetch the target address if the indirect vector falls on a page boundary (e.g. $xxFF where xx. Instruction set of the MOS // MPU. Notably, there are no legal opcodes defined where c = 3, accounting for the empty columns in the usual. Shown below are the instructions of the , 65C02, and 65C processors. GREEN . 10 instructions. These have a completely different set of opcodes.
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Usually some mixture of the two, in a manner that varies depending on who made thewhen it was made, the phase of the moon, and other unpredictable variables.
Copies the current contents of the accumulator into the X register and sets the zero and negative flags as appropriate. The effect of this operation is to multiply the memory contents by 2 ignoring 2’s complement considerationssetting the carry if the result will not fit in 8 bits.
A opcode view, rows as combinations of c and b, and columns as a:.
6502 Instruction Set
Similarly, the test-and-branch instructions are of the form xyyywhere x is 0 to test whether the bit is 0, or 1 to test whether it is 1, and yyy is which bit to test. Copies the current contents of the X register into the accumulator and sets the zero and negative flags as appropriate. Thus the 00 red block is mostly control instructions, 01 green is ALU operations, and 10 blue is read-modify-write RMW operations and data movement instructions involving X.
CPU unofficial opcodes From Nesdev wiki. An inclusive OR is performed, bit by bit, on the accumulator contents using the contents of a byte of memory.
The aaa bits determine the opcode as follows:. If the carry flag is set then add the relative displacement to the program counter to cause a branch to a new location.
The 6502/65C02/65C816 Instruction Set Decoded
Ipcodes bit set and clear instructions have the form xyyywhere x is 0 to clear a bit or 1 to set it, and yyy is which bit at the memory location to set or clear. If the zero flag is set then add the relative displacement to the program counter to cause a branch to a new location.
Perhaps the pattern is easier to see by shuffling the ‘s opcode matrix. The family datasheet from MOS Technology does not specify or document their function, but they actually do perform various operations.
This instruction compares the contents of the X register with another memory held value and sets the zero and carry flags as appropriate. In some cases the 01 and 10 instructions are incompatible. o;codes
Some of these instructions are useful; some are not predictable; some do nothing but burn cycles; some halt the CPU until reset.
But many of the unofficial opcodes simultaneously trigger parts of the ROM that were intended for completely unrelated instructions. Xxxx instructions are also problematic–some of these seem to mix not only the adjacent 01 and 10 instructions, but also the immediate mode of the corresponding 10 instruction. This is fixed in some later chips like the 65SC02 so for compatibility always ensure the indirect vector is not at the end of the page.
If the overflow flag is set then add the relative displacement to the program counter to cause a branch to a new location. May 3, Modified: This instruction subtracts the contents of a memory location to the accumulator together with the not of the carry bit.
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If the negative flag is clear then add the relative displacement to the program counter to cause a branch to a new location. The flags will take on new states opodes determined by the value pulled. So which register actually gets written to memory?
If overflow occurs the carry bit is clear, this enables multiple byte subtraction to be performed. But the above assigments exhaust the logical possibilities for opcodes that explicity reference memory locations, so TRB and STZ had to be put wherever room could be found:. The RTI instruction is used at the end of an interrupt processing routine. Generally, instructions of a kind are typically found in rows as a combination of a and cand address modes are in columns b. This operation shifts all the bits of the accumulator or memory contents one bit left.
The bit manipulation instructions found only on the Rockwell and WDC versions of the 65C02 are not included in the table, nor are the “undocumented” instructions of the original Address modes are either a property of b even columns or combinations of b and c odd columns with aspecific row-index modulus 3; i.
This table lists all opcodes, 32 columns per row. The information is provided for free and AS IS, therefore without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The only inexplicable gap is the absence of a “STX abs,Y” instruction. Most of the missing 0001and 10 instructions seem to behave like NOPs, but using the addressing mode indicated by the bbb bits.
The bit that was in bit 0 is shifted into the carry flag. Copies the current contents of the stack register into the X register and sets the zero and negative flags as appropriate.
In both cases you should include an explicit CLD to ensure that the flag is cleared before performing addition or subtraction. This causes instructions to have strange mixing properties.